Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples make up 2% of the Australian population, yet they make up 27% of the prison population. 34% of the female prison population are indigenous. The problem of over-representation is getting worse. The Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) final report into this ‘national tragedy’ was tabled in Parliament on 28 March 2018, by the Attorney General, The Hon. George Brandis QC. The report makes 34 recommendations. This timely seminar will discuss the issue and ALRC’s suggested reforms.